|Queen Victoria ascended to the throne of
England in 1837. In that year in America, the U. S. S. Caroline was sunk by Canadian
troops while transporting supplies to Canadian insurgents across Niagara River, Michigan
achieved statehood, the American Presbyterian church split into the "old" and
"new" schools, Samuel Morse exhibited his electric telegraph at the College of
the City of New York, and a Gag Law aimed, at suppressing debate over slavery, was passed
by the U. S. Congress.
By 1840, most of the territory west of the
Mississippi River, excluding the states of Louisiana, Missouri and Arkansas, had been
designated as Indian Country. The eastern Indians (the Five Civilized Tribes) had been
relocated to present-day Oklahoma, Kansas and Iowa where they found themselves under
supplied by the
government and frequently harassed by
their Plains Indian neighbors. Within a generation, the eastern tribes would again find
their lands in demand for white settlement, and many would be compelled by the government
to relocate once more.Manifest Destiny soon became the catch phrase for supporters of
expansionism. The idea that the United States was destined to occupy the entire North
American continent served to justify the nation's appropriation of more and more Indian
lands and its headlong rush into a war with Mexico.
is dedicated to the Nineteenth Century in America.
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