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"Whoever controls the past controls the future. Whoever controls the present controls the past."

George Orwell (1949)  

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Queen Victoria ascended to the throne of England in 1837. In that year in America, the U. S. S. Caroline was sunk by Canadian troops while transporting supplies to Canadian insurgents across Niagara River, Michigan achieved statehood, the American Presbyterian church split into the "old" and "new" schools, Samuel Morse exhibited his electric telegraph at the College of the City of New York, and a Gag Law aimed, at suppressing debate over slavery, was passed by the U. S. Congress.

By 1840, most of the territory west of the Mississippi River, excluding the states of Louisiana, Missouri and Arkansas, had been designated as Indian Country. The eastern Indians (the Five Civilized Tribes) had been relocated to present-day Oklahoma, Kansas and Iowa where they found themselves under supplied by the

government and frequently harassed by their Plains Indian neighbors. Within a generation, the eastern tribes would again find their lands in demand for white settlement, and many would be compelled by the government to relocate once more.Manifest Destiny soon became the catch phrase for supporters of expansionism. The idea that the United States was destined to occupy the entire North American continent served to justify the nation's appropriation of more and more Indian lands and its headlong rush into a war with Mexico.

This page is dedicated to the Nineteenth Century in America.

I hope you'll find this site interesting and you'll visit regularly - the site will always be under construction.



History of Science, Technology and Medicine 
The Costume Page 
The History House 
Godey's Lady's Book
From Quackery to Bacteriology
Victorian Elegance_ Graphic Decor
Making of America
National Museum of American History Exhibitions






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Please be patient - this site is under construction - more coming soon!

This page last updated 05/14/00.
Site owned, designed and maintained
by Deborah Cox